BIOLOGICALLY INFORMED DISCIPLINES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF BIONICS, BIOMIMETICS, BIOMIMICRY, AND BIOINSPIRATION AMONG OTHERS
A. Iouguina, et al., Int. J. of Design & Nature and Ecodynamics. Vol. 0, No. 0 (2014) 1–9 © 2014 WIT Press, www.witpress.com ISSN: 1755-7437 (paper format), ISSN: 1755-7445 (online), http://journals.witpress.com DOI: 10.2495/DNE-V0-N0-1-9
This article offers a complementary approach to research and education in biologically informed disciplines through the lens of bionics, biomimetics, and biomimicry terminology. For the purpose of developing this approach, we look at past and current contexts in which the three fields have emerged and identify three issues: an absence of common ground that unites the fields of bionics, biomimetics, and biomimicry while recognizing their contextual differences, a non-standardized use of the terminology that leads to ambiguity within the field of biologically informed disciplines, an incomplete and disorganized historical and contextual knowledge about the field that inhibits a common starting ground for collaboration, and confuses nonscientists who seek biological understanding. We offer a fundamental understanding of the fields from theoretical perspective by bringing together opinions of researchers and practitioners of bionics, biomimetics, biomimicry, bio-inspiration and offering a comprehensive analysis of terms culminating in the introduction of an overarching term ‘biologically informed disciplines’.